Defamation Law Dilemma: To Protect Reputation Or Silence The Critics?

Pict Credit: Huffingtonpost.com

I just find an interesting article on my favorite web, the title actually attract me, it says:

Dont say a words: How Powerful People Use Criminal Defamation Laws to Silence Their Critics.  
This is how we find ourself on a dilemma. Refers to University of Wollongong, defamation law used to be an attempt to balance  the private right to protect his reputation out of public right for freedom of speech.

Yea actually anytime you find someone comment radicoulusly and injures someone's reputation, it can be defamatory.

In Indonesia, defamation cases are very likely, usually invoked by powerful people. CNN reported, based to the data of Southeast of Asia Freedom of Expression Network, defamation case rising, there's total 97 defamation case from 2012-2015.

Moreover, the people convicted of defamation crime escalated after parliement enacted UU ITE in 2008.

Not only private powerful citizen, defamation law allow public officials to bring criminal charge against individual or people who criticized them, or we can say, "injures his reputation."

Known, three activist from student coallition in Tasikmalaya put on trial in 2009 after held an anti-corruption demonstration related to corruption case that charge to local education official. In 2012, Tukijo, A farmer was convicted of defamation after asked  and argued with local officials about land assessment.

Remember Prita Mulyasari? well known controversial case of defamation. Prita were jailed for 12 months after sending email to her friends related to medical treatment she recieved. Bersihar Lubis, a veteran journalist, also convicted of defamation after criticizing decisions of attorney general to ban high school history text book.

Not to mention artist defamation case, but they aim report the case for "critics shock."

Is it true you'll not be convicted of defamation if you tell the truth? from the case above, it's an obvious to say no. Well said quotes came from CQ Researcher book:

Truth is not a defense when the official finds the content of your statement insulting.

We can say it's a chilling effect of defamation. Furthermore, this fact has lead the discussion to the higher level, if defamation laws insult the democracy. What do you think?


Source:
CQ Researcher, 2012, Issue In Comparative Politics, Sage CQPress: London.
Yohannie Linggasari, 2015, Ratusan Orang yang Hanya Curhat Terjerat UU ITE, CNN Indonesia.
HRW, 2010, Indonesia: Repeal Arcane Laws That Criminalized Criticism.

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9 komentar

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    ReplyDelete
    Replies
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      Delete
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    ReplyDelete
  3. Yah,,, terpaksa translate dulu

    ReplyDelete

semoga bermanfaat
mohon kritik dan saran yang membangun ya :D
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